Match of action:
Either an action commenced in shot A is completed in shot B, or an action in shot A is mirrored by an action in shot B, for example when we cut from character A in location A reading a letter to character B in location B reading the same letter.
180 Degree Rule:
A rule that states that a camera should be places somewhere inside the 180 degrees on a particular side of an invidible line of a shot contiang two characted. If the camera crosses the line confusion is caused for the film viewer because it looks like the two people are switching places as you move through the film
Shot reverse shot:
Shot reverse shot is a film technique where one character is shown looking at another character, and then the other character is shown looking back at the first character. Since the characters are shown facing in opposite directions, the viewer assumes that they are looking at each other.
Rules of Thirds:
This is a rule where an object only takes up 6 out of 9 sections of a 9 square grid, this is so a scenery can be set for the shot, this is explained below, the picture on the left focuses too much on the main rock, were as on the picture on the rights more of a scenery is set